PSHE Education Overview 2019-20

Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education at KSA ensures that pupils develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to manage their lives, now and in the future.

Aims and Objectives:

PSHE curriculum aims are drawn from the programme of study published by the PSHE Association and includes three core themes:

  1. Mental and Physical Health
  2. Healthy Relationships
  3. Citizenship

Acceptance and engagement with the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs is promoted throughout PSHE provision at KSA Secondary.

KSA Approach:

PSHE is built around three termly cycles (one for each key theme). One half-day is set aside near the start & end of each term where PSHE lessons focussed on the relevant theme replace the regular timetable. 

In addition to the half-days bookending the cycles (three or four lessons each half-day), PSHE objectives are explicitly taught within the weekly pastoral curriculum (three or four lessons each term).

Year group assemblies and key stage assemblies focussed on relevant national and international events supplement the taught PSHE curriculum.

We may also invite guest speakers in to contribute to or lead or teach sessions, for example Tiffany Holt, our NHS School Nurse.

Cycle One

The focus of the first cycle in the Autumn term [HT1, HT2, HT3] is the theme of mental and physical health.

PDF iconPSHE Cycle One 

Cycle Two

The focus of the second cycle in the Spring term [HT3, HT5, HT6]  is the them of healthy relationships.   

EYFS Learning Objectives

  Nursery  Reception
1 To learn about what safe means To learn about what safe means
2 To learn who helps us stay safe in school and in our community To learn who helps us stay safe in school and in our community
3 To learn what friends are To learn what makes a good friend
4 To learn about how our own actions affect other people To learn about how our own actions affect other people
5 To learn how to be kind by saying nice words and doing things that are helpful To learn how to be kind by saying nice words and doing things that are helpful
6 To describe the people in my family To describe the people in my family

 Key Stage One Learning Objectives

  Year 1 Year 2
1 To learn the difference between good and not so good feelings and be able to describe them both To know the difference between truth and lies
2 To be able to describe what makes a good friend To learn the difference between kind and unkind, right and wrong
3 To learn the difference between secrets and surprises, and the importance of not keeping adults' secrets, only surprises To learn the difference between secrets and surprises, and the importance of not keeping adults' secrets, only surprises
4 To know about what happens when things get lost or change (including moving home, losing toys, pets or friends) To learn about what teasing and bullying are, that there are different types and that they are wrong and unacceptable
5 To be able to describe special memories To know the feelings associated with friendship issues and how children share a responsibility for keeping themselves and others safe (when to say yes/no/I’ll ask/I’ll tell)
6   To learn how to resist teasing and bullying if you experience or witness it, who to go to and how to get help
7   To learn about change e.g. if someone moves away
8   To learn about all the different people who are here to look after you (in school and in the wider community) who to go to if you are worried and how to attract attention/get help
9   To learn about how families care for each other, including how we look after babies (need care, attention and soothing)

Lower Key Stage Two Learning Objectives

  Year 3

Year 4

1 To learn what ‘responsible’ behavior is To deepen their understanding of good and not so good feelings, to extend their vocabulary to enable them to explain both the range and intensity of their feelings to others 
2 To be able to talk about feelings To know who can help them with difficult feelings
3 To learn what makes a positive, healthy relationship To be able to judge what kind of physical contact is acceptable or unacceptable and how to respond
4 To learn about how relationships can be unhealthy and who to talk to for support To be able to say no to friends and/or peers
5 To be able to describe how to deal with unhelpful pressure To learn about the concept of ‘keeping something confidential or secret’, when we should or should not agree to this and when it is right to ‘break a confidence’ or ‘share a secret’
6 To be able to recognise when and how to ask for help and use basic techniques for resisting pressure to do something dangerous, unhealthy, that makes them uncomfortable, anxious or that they believe to be wrong  To be able to show understanding of difference including disability and to learn about equal opportunities and their importance
7 To learn that the pressure to behave in an unacceptable, unhealthy or risky way can come from a variety of sources, including people they know and the media  To learn about different types of relationships including friends and families, civil partnerships and marriage
8 To learn about extended families e.g. step families and half families To learn that civil partnerships and marriage are examples of stable, loving relationships and a public demonstration of the commitment made between two people who love and care for each other and want to spend their lives together and who are of the legal age to make that commitment  
9 To learn about issues for families living far away and/or in different parts of the world To learn about how it feels to lose someone

Upper Key Stage Two Learning Objectives


Year 5

Year 6

1 To learn about a range of issues which can affect families in positive and negative ways To be able to recognise how “peer acceptance” may be influential in their actions and behaviours  
2 To learn about some of the issues families and parents face and how to manage them To understand about bullying and racism
3 To learn about change (including transitions) loss, separation, divorce and bereavement   To learn strategies for handling conflict in relationships (friendships and family)
4 To learn about what makes a good friendship To be able to recognise and manage ‘dares’  
5 To learn more about what bullying is, what the negative effects can be and how to stop it To know the difference between ‘appropriate’ and ‘inappropriate’ relationships at this age
6 To learn about how it feels to be excluded or discriminated against To appreciate there are different types of love e.g. parental love, partner love, friendship love etc. 
7 To learn about how to keep ourselves safe online To be aware that marriage is a commitment freely entered into by both people, that no one should enter into marriage if they don’t absolutely want to do so 
8   To learn about what makes parenting hard and what it means to be loved 
9   To learn about how to keep ourselves safe online

Key Stage Three Lesson Objectives

  Year 7 Year 8 Year 9
1 To recognise and clarify own core values To understand how to have safe and successful relationships To understand different levels of intimacy and their consequences, as well as recognising the right not to have intimate relationships until ready
2 To understand different types of family unit and the roles/ responsibilities of parents To understand the features of unhealthy relationships (including imbalance of power, coercion, control, exploitation, abuse of any kind) To know how to seek the consent of another person
3 To understand how the breakdown of a relationship and subsequent changes can impact individuals (including loss, separation, divorce and bereavement) To understand the difference between friendships and gangs (including  the risks posed by membership of ganges on individuals, families and communities)        

To understand how to put in boundaries between healthy and unhealthy relationships


4 To understand peer pressure and stretegies to manage it To understand what expectations might be of having a girl/boyfriend To understand sexual harassment/ abuse and how to challenge it
5 To understand features of healthy relationships in different contexts. (e.g. family, friends, girlfriend/ boyfriend) To understand laws regarding consent (legal ages for sexual activity) and how to protect your right to consent To develop strategies for managing pressure to join a particular group or gang and how to access appropriate support
6 To explore the range of positive qualities that people bring to relationships To understand the unacceptability of sexist, homophobic, transphobic and disablist language and behaviour, the need to challenge it and how to do so To understand cyber-bullying and its impact on individuals
7 To understand how the media can provide unhealthy models for relationships (e.g. soaps) To understand the difference between assigned/biological sex, gender identity and sexual orientation To know how to establish boundaries between private life and public life and to understand an individual’s right to privacy
8 To understand how to maintain a healthy friendship To recognise bullying in all its forms and know how to challenge it To understand the risks of unprotected sex and the options available in the case of unintended pregnancy
9 To know how to keep myself safe online (passwords, sharing personal images) To know how to challenge racist/ bigoted behaviour To recognise the portrayal and impact of sex in the media and social media
10 To understand how peer pressure can influence attitudes towards smoking To understand how to maintain healthy relationships online To understand that marriage if a commitment, entered into freely, and how to safely access sources of support for themselves or others

Key Stage Four Lesson Objectives

  Year 10 Year 11
1 To understand the qualities of good parenting and their central importance to family life To understand the reasons why parents choose to adopt or to place children for adoption
2 To understand the implications of young parenthood To understand others’ faith and cultural expectations concerning relationships and sexual activity
3 To understand the pathways available in the event of unintended pregnancy, the possible physical and emotional reactions and responses people may have to each option To manage unwanted attention in a variety of contexts (including harassment and stalking)
4 To understand the impact of separation, divorce and bereavement on families and the need to adapt to changing circumstances To understand the impact of domestic violence
5 To know about statutory or voluntary organisations that support relationships experiencing difficulties or in crisis, such as relationship breakdown, divorce or bereavement To understand how sexual abuse can take place within relationships (as well as isolated incidences)
6 To understand the impact of bullying on emotional and physical wellbeing To recognise when others are using manipulation, persuasion or coercion and how to respond
7 To understand diversity in sexual attraction and developing sexuality To understand how gangs use coercion and manipulation to control young people and know how to respond appropriately or access support
8 To know how to seek consent and to respect others’ right to give, not give or withdraw consent to engage in different degrees of sexual activity To recognise the drugs and alcohol on choices and sexual behaviour
9 To recognise when a relationship is unhealthy or abusive To understand the unacceptability of both emotional or physical abuse including ‘honour’ based violence, forced marriage and rape (including how to access support)
10 To understand the impact of pornography and how it can create unhealthy sexual expectations To understand the pernicious influence of gender double standards and victim-blaming

Key Stage Five Lesson Objectives

  Year 12 Year 13
1 To recognise and manage negative influence, manipulation and persuasion in a variety of contexts To differentiate between ‘love’ and ‘lust’ and to know what it means to be in ‘love'
2 To recognise the signs of involvement in illegal activity, including being a member of a gang To manage the ending of relationships safely and respectfully
3 To recognise and appreciate the physical dangers, legal and career consequences of carrying offensive weapons To understand and value the concept and qualities of consent in relationships
4 To recognise when social situations are becoming verbally aggressive and have strategies to de-escalate aggression and to recognise when it is important to escape To understand the moral and legal responsibility borne by the seeker of consent and the importance of respecting and protecting people’s right to give, not give or withdraw their consent
5 To manage issues of harassment (including online) and to understand how to access support To understand the consequences for failing to respect others’ right to withdraw consent and how to seek redress if their consent has not been respected in the case of sexual exploitation, assault or rape
6 To recognise and to manage and escape from different forms of abuse (physical and emotional) and to understand how and where to seek support To recognise and respect what is meant by professionalism in the work place and to understand the boundaries around ‘professional relationships’
7 To understand the advantages and disadvantages of different methods of contraception, including emergency contraception To appreciate the ways different cultures and faiths view relationships and to respect others’ rights to withhold their own views
8 To understand and appreciate the advantages of delaying parenthood and to understand the potential consequences of unintended pregnancy To recognise forced marriage and ‘honour’ based violence and to know how to get help for themselves or others
9 To understand the alternative methods of starting a family and how they differ globally To understand FGM and to get help for themselves or others that they believe to be at risk or suffering from problems relating to FGM
10 To accept and use positive encouragement and constructive feedback To understand which method of contraception is best for me now and in the future

The theme of healthy relationships is supplemented by assemblies in the spring term and through the year:

Scheduling Focus Assembly
Half-term Three International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women      

Mother’s Day

Key Stage      


Year Group

Half-term Five PRIDE Year Group
Half-term Six Father’s Day Year Group