PSHE Education Overview 2019-20

Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education at KSA ensures that pupils develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to manage their lives, now and in the future.

Aims and Objectives:

PSHE curriculum aims are drawn from the programme of study published by the PSHE Association and includes three core themes:

  1. Mental and Physical Health
  2. Healthy Relationships
  3. Citizenship

Acceptance and engagement with the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs is promoted throughout PSHE provision at KSA Secondary.

KSA Approach:

PSHE is built around three termly cycles (one for each key theme). One half-day is set aside near the start & end of each term where PSHE lessons focussed on the relevant theme replace the regular timetable. 

In addition to the half-days bookending the cycles (three or four lessons each half-day), PSHE objectives are explicitly taught within the weekly pastoral curriculum (three or four lessons each term).

Year group assemblies and key stage assemblies focussed on relevant national and international events supplement the taught PSHE curriculum.

We may also invite guest speakers in to contribute to or lead or teach sessions, for example Tiffany Holt, our NHS School Nurse.

Cycle One:

The focus of the first cycle in the Autumn term is the theme of mental and physical health.

EYFS Learning Objectives    Year 1 Year 2 
To learn about where we live and belong To learn about how to tell how different people are feeling To learn about benefits of rest and exercise
To learn about feelings To be able to name the main parts of the body To learn about which foods are healthy and unhealthy
To learn about having a goal To know how to keep myself clean To be able to describe a ‘healthy day’
To learn about how to stay clean To know how to brush my teeth effectively To learn about the parts of the body, how they keep us healthy and how to look after them (heart, lungs, skeleton, teeth)
To learn about growing To know that there are some things around the house which are dangerous, including medicines To learn about making choices and how sometimes choices can have both positive and negative consequences
  To learn how some diseases are spread and how to protect ourselves against them To learn about feeling worried and who to go to for help
  To learn about feeling worried and who to go to for help  

 Lower Key Stage Two Learning Objectives

Year 3 Year 4
To learn that our health is made up of our physical, mental and emotional health To learn that our health is made up of our physical, mental and emotional health
To learn what we mean by ‘pressure’ and ‘peer pressure’ To learn about which foods are healthy and why
To learn that people's bodies and feelings can be hurt To learn about the benefits of eating a balanced diet
To learn how we stay safe inside school and how to get help in an emergency To understand the term ‘balanced lifestyle’
To learn about being ill, going to the doctor and taking medicines To learn about the effects of smoking
To learn that bacteria and viruses can affect health and that following simple routines can reduce their spread To learn about making safe choices and the possible impacts of decision making: positive, negative or no impact

Upper Key Stage Two Learning Objectives

Year 5

Year 6

To learn the differences between my ‘mental health’ and ‘physical health’ To learn the differences between my ‘mental health’ and ‘physical health’
To learn what we mean by ‘habits’ and why good habits are important to have good mental and physical health To understand how my mental health can affect my emotions and behaviour
To learn that everyone has human rights, all peoples, all societies and that pupils have their own special rights set out in the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child;        

To learn that these universal rights are there to protect everyone and supersede national law and any family and community practices.

To understand how having a healthy diet and exercising regularly can impact our bodies​ positively
To learn about the changes girls and boys go through during puberty (taught by school nurse using NHS resources) To learn that there are some cultural practices that are against British law and universal human rights such as female genital mutilation
To learn how to stay safe online (including social media, the responsible use of ICT and mobile phones). To learn about the changes girls and boys go through during puberty (taught by school nurse using NHS resources)
To learn how to keep myself and others safe on the roads To learn about male and female reproductive systems and the basic facts of reproduction (taught by school nurse using NHS resources)
To be able to describe the short and long term effects of alcohol To learn about what legal and illegal drugs are
To learn that alcohol and tobacco could damage my immediate and future health and safety To be able to differentiate between the terms ‘risk,’ ‘danger’ and ‘hazard’ e.g. use of mobile phones and the internet
  To learn about change and the range of emotions change can bring about
  To learn about transitions  (between small schools), loss, separation, divorce and bereavement
  To learn what we mean by ‘coping strategies’

Key Stage Three Lesson Objectives


Year 7

Year 8

Year 9

1 To be able to identify my own personal strengths. To understand how, and why, I should look after my mental health. To understand how to protect myself from STIs.
2 To know what bullying is and how I should respond to it in secondary school. To understand how, and why, I should look after my physical health. To understand how cancer can be prevented (acknowledging that childhood/ teenage cancer can rarely be prevented.
3 To distinguish between mental and physical health. To understand the importance of a balanced diet (including the risks of obesity and dieting) To understand how to examine one’s own body to check for cancer (testicular/ breast examinations)
4 To develop strategies to maintain physical health. To understand how the media portrays young people and how this impacts body image and physical health. To know how to perform basic first aid and life-saving skills, including CPR
5 To understand key physical changes in puberty (including reproduction) To understand the purpose and importance of immunisation. To understand how stress can impact mental and physical health.
6 To know how to look after my personal hygiene. To understand why contraception is important (including the pill, condoms) and how to use them. To understand how social media can impact self-esteem.
7 To understand why sleep is so important. To understand the risks and myths associated with FGM To understand the causes and triggers of unhealthy coping strategies, such as self-harm and eating disorders.
8 To understand how I can look after my mental health. To understand how phones/ technology can impact emotions To understand factual information about legal and illegal substances including alcohol, tobacco, shisha, cannabis.
9 To understand how other people can have an impact on my self-esteem. To understand the dangers of knife crime and how I can keep myself safe on the streets. To understand the positive (e.g. eradication of disease) and negative (e.g. dependency) roles played by drugs in society. (inc. alcohol)
10 To know how to respond to emergency situations.  To understand the personal and social risks of substance use and misuse (benefits of not consuming alcohol and not smoking) To recognise and develop strategies to manage different influences (inc peer influence) on decisions about the use of substances

Key Stage Four Lesson Objectives

  Year 10 Year 11
1 To recognise some of the signs of depression, anxiety and stress and apply appropriate coping strategies.  To recognise and maange feelings about their body image, including the media's portrayal of idealised body shapes.
2 To develop strategies to monitor and take responsibility for your own mental health. To assess and maange risks associated with cosmetic procedures including tattooing, piercings, the use of sun lamps and tanning salons. 
3 To know some of the symptoms of STIs (including HIV/ AIDS) and how to prevent them. To explore and evaluate the benefits and disavantages of cosmetic procedures.  
4 To know how to use different form of contraception and how to check breasts/testicles. To evaluate preventative measures in place for knife crime nad their impact.
5 To understand how to use the NHS responsibly and how/ where to obtain health information, advice and support (including sexual health services and contraception access). To understand how sleep impacts mental and physical health.
6 To understand factors which affect fertility and options available to those who are not able to conceive. To develop strategies to manage stress, anxiety and depression.
7 To understand the short and long-term sonsequences of substance use and misuse for the health and mental/emotional wellbeing of individuals, families and communities.  To understand why the teenage brain is inclined to take risks and how this can me mitigated against. 
8 To understand how lifestyle choices can impact a developing foetus. To know how to keep yourself safe (including on roads, on the streets, during travel).
9 To understand why humans behave differently in groups.  To understand the wider risks and consequences of legal and illegal substance use, including on personal safety, career, relationships and future lifestyle. 
10 To recognise and manage the triggers for unhealthy coping strategies (such as self-harm/eating disorders).  To know how to perform emergency first aid (including CPR).

Key Stage Five Lesson Objectives

  Year 12 Year 13
1 To know how to take responsibility for monitoring your own health and how to seek the necessary support (breast and testicular self-examination) To assess and manage risk with regard to your health and the decisions you make.
2 To know how to perform first aid, including CPR and to evaluate when to summon emergency services. To understand and manage the issues and considerations concerning body ‘enhancement’ or ‘altercation’ including cosmetic procedure and surgery, tattoos, body piercing and dietary supplements.
3 To evaluate who and when to contact with concerns relating to illegal activity. To understand how to avoid contracting or passing on STI’s and to understand what to do it they are concerned that they have put themsleves or others at risk.
4 To understand the importance of maintaining a healthy work-life balance. To understand how to manage online safety in all its forms (protecting their privacy, building and maintaining a positive personal reputation
5 To understand how to maintain a healthy diet, especially on a budget. To manage alcohol and drug use in relation to immediate and long-term health (how it affects decision making and personal safety, road safety, reputation and career.)
6 To recognise when to employ strategies to re-establish positive mental health, including managing stress and anxiety. To recognise illnesses that affect young adults such as meningitis and freshers’ flu.
7 To recognise when you or others may need support with mental health and how to access this support. To understand how to register with and access health services in new locations.
8 To recognise common mental health issues such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, self-harm. To manage personal safety off-line including socialising and travelling (meeting someone for the first time online, drink spiking, cycle safety, passenger safety)
9 To apply strategies to maintain positive mental health. To manage being ‘new’ in ‘new places’ and how to fit in a make new friends.
10 To recognise how pressure to conform to media stereotypes can adversely affect body image. To understand the factors that affect fertility and what services you can access.
11 To develop strategies to manage the pressure of media stereotypes.  

The theme of mental and physical health is supplemented by assemblies in the autumn term and through the year:

Scheduling Focus Assembly
Half-term One World Mental Health Day Year Group
Half-term Two Anti-bullying Week


World AIDS Day 


Key Stage



Key Stage (Secondary)

Half-term Three Safer Internet Day Year Group